Document Detail

Personality in schizophrenia assessed with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18602163     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a well-established self-report questionnaire measuring four temperament and three character dimensions. However, surprisingly few studies have used it to examine the personality of patients with schizophrenia, and none in Japan. Moreover, possible gender differences in personality among patients with schizophrenia have not been well documented. We administered the TCI to 86 Japanese patients with schizophrenia and 115 age- and gender-matched healthy controls to characterize personality traits in patients with schizophrenia and to examine their relationships with clinical variables, particularly gender and symptoms. Compared with controls, patients demonstrated significantly lower novelty seeking, reward dependence, self-directedness and cooperativeness, and higher harm avoidance and self-transcendence. Male patients showed even more pronounced personality alteration than female patients when both of them were compared with healthy people. Personality dimensions were moderately correlated with symptom dimensions assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). These results, together with prior findings in several other countries, suggest that schizophrenia patients have a unique personality profile which appears to be present across cultures and that the greater alteration of personality in schizophrenia males might be related to their poorer social and community functioning.
Hiroaki Hori; Hiroko Noguchi; Ryota Hashimoto; Tetsuo Nakabayashi; Osamu Saitoh; Robin M Murray; Shigeo Okabe; Hiroshi Kunugi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-07-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  160     ISSN:  0165-1781     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Res     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-18     Completed Date:  2008-10-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Control Groups
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
Schizophrenia / diagnosis*
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Sex Factors
Social Adjustment
Temperament / classification

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