Document Detail


Personality characteristics and affective status related to cognitive test performance and gender in patients with memory complaints.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17942009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aims are to study personality characteristics of patients with memory complaints and to assess the presence of objective (OMI) versus subjective (SMI) memory impairment, the affective status, as well as potential gender differences. The patients were assessed by means of a neuropsychiatric examination and a neuropsychological test-battery. The Swedish version of the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used. The 57 patients (38 women, 19 men, mean age 56.9) differed from the Swedish normative group in three of the five personality factors: neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness. This was mainly because of the scores of the female patients. Approximately half of the patients had OMI. No differences regarding personality factors or affective status were found between OMI and SMI patients. The female patients scored significantly higher than the male patients on symptoms of anxiety and depression. Neuroticism and symptoms of depression interacted with memory performance and gender. Our findings demonstrate the importance of applying an objective assessment of memory functions and a gender perspective when studying patients with memory complaints.
Authors:
Susanna Vestberg; Ulla Passant; Jarl Risberg; Christina Elfgren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1355-6177     ISO Abbreviation:  J Int Neuropsychol Soc     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-18     Completed Date:  2008-01-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503760     Medline TA:  J Int Neuropsychol Soc     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  911-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Psychogeriatrics, Dept of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Sweden. susanna.vestberg@psychology.lu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect / physiology*
Aged
Behavioral Symptoms / etiology*
Female
Gender Identity*
Humans
Male
Memory Disorders / complications*,  psychology*
Mental Status Schedule
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests*
Personality / physiology*
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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