Document Detail

Personality-Relationship Transactions Revisited.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23927445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The transactional paradigm states that people create, maintain, and change their environments according to their personalities. At the same time, the environment reacts back on personality. As social relationships are part of an individual's environment, this likewise implies that there are reciprocal transactions between personality and relationships. However, earlier studies have concluded that adult personality traits are so stable that they have a stronger effect on later relationships, but that relationship effects on personality are negligible. In this article, we contend that personality-relationship transactions should be revisited. We submit that the relative powers of personality versus relationship effects depend on the type of life transition during which the effects take place: Relationship effects on personality development are more likely to emerge in the context of rather normative and highly scripted life transitions, whereas personality effects on relationship development are more likely to occur in the context of rather non-normative life transitions that are less regulated by social expectations. We illustrate these assumptions with examples from our own work and other findings reported in the literature. Furthermore, we theorize that effects of personality-relationship transactions on health also vary with the normativeness of the eliciting life transition.
Franz J Neyer; Marcus Mund; Julia Zimmermann; Cornelia Wrzus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-6494     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985194R     Medline TA:  J Pers     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Friedrich-Schiller University Jena.
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