Document Detail


Personal exercise habits and counseling practices of primary care physicians: a national survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10695849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Regular physical activity can reduce the incidence and prevalence of many chronic diseases. A vast majority of Americans cite their physician as their primary source of information regarding healthy lifestyle decisions. This study was designed to obtain information about the personal exercise behavior and counseling practices of primary care physicians, to evaluate the relationship between their personal and professional exercise practices, and to determine whether physician specialty is associated with these practices. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was mailed to a randomly selected sample of primary care physicians in the United States. A questionnaire was used to obtain detailed information on the personal exercise habits, counseling practices, and barriers to counseling of these physicians, regarding both aerobic exercise and strength training. PARTICIPANTS: 298 primary care physicians, comprising 84 family practitioners, 79 pediatricians, 58 geriatricians, and 77 internists. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of physician exercise, exercise counseling, and relationship between these practices. RESULTS: Physicians who perform aerobic exercise regularly are more likely to counsel their patients on the benefits of these exercises, as are physicians who perform strength training. Pediatricians and geriatricians counsel fewer patients about aerobic exercise than family practitioners and internists. Counseling regarding strength training is less common in all physician groups surveyed, and lowest among pediatricians, of whom 50% did not advise these exercises for any of their patients. Inadequate time was noted by 61% and inadequate knowledge and/or experience by 16% of respondents as the major barriers to counseling regarding aerobic exercise. CONCLUSION: Physicians who exercise are more likely to counsel their patients to exercise. Inadequate time and knowledge/experience regarding exercise are the most common barriers to counseling identified. These findings suggest strategies that might increase physician exercise counseling behavior.
Authors:
S Abramson; J Stein; M Schaufele; E Frates; S Rogan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1050-642X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Sport Med     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-21     Completed Date:  2000-03-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103300     Medline TA:  Clin J Sport Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude to Health*
Clinical Competence
Confidence Intervals
Counseling*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise*
Female
Geriatrics
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Internal Medicine
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Pediatrics
Physician-Patient Relations*
Physicians, Family*
Questionnaires
Time Factors
United States
Weight Lifting

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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