Document Detail

Persistent growth faltering among aboriginal infants and young children in north-west Australia: a retrospective study from 1969 to 1993.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9116425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective was to examine long-term changes in the growth of Aboriginal infants and young children in the Kimberley region in the far north-west of Australia from 1969 to 1993. A retrospective analysis of anthropometric data (weight and length) routinely collected on 0-5-year-old children in 5-year cohorts from 1969 to 1993 was carried out. From 1974-78 to 1989-93 there has been a significant increase in mean birthweight (ANOVA p < 0.05). The percentage of low birthweight infants (< 2500 g) declined from 14% in 1979-83 to 10% in 1989-93 (p < 0.001). There were no consistent improvements in the growth patterns of infants from birth to 60 months. All cohorts displayed pronounced growth faltering in weight-for-age and height-for-age from 6 to 12 months of age and fell significantly below both the NCHS reference values and mean values for healthy breastfed infants. In conclusion, reductions in Aboriginal infant mortality and infectious disease rates over the past 20 years have not been accompanied by improved growth. The persistence of child malnutrition in these communities may warrant a shift in attention from disease treatment and prevention to a better understanding of nutritional influences, particularly weaning practices, during infancy and early childhood.
E K Rousham; M Gracey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-18     Completed Date:  1997-04-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  46-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anatomy and Human Biology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Breast Feeding
Child Nutrition Disorders / ethnology*
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Communicable Diseases / ethnology
Growth Disorders / ethnology*
Infant, Newborn
Nutrition Surveys
Oceanic Ancestry Group*
Reference Values
Retrospective Studies
Western Australia / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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