Document Detail


Persistent diarrhoea: clinical efficacy and nutrient absorption with a rice based diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2334207     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twenty six infant boys, aged 4 to 18 months, suffering from persistent diarrhoea and 25 age matched healthy controls without diarrhoea were given a diet based on rice powder, egg white, glucose, and soya oil. The clinical efficacy of the diet was studied and a 72 hour metabolic balance study was done. Twenty one patients recovered from diarrhoea within seven days. Median coefficients of absorption of nutrients in persistent diarrhoea patients were 68.0% (range 28.0 to 92.0) for total energy, 60.0% (range 21.0 to 97.0) for fat, 53.0% (range -122.0 to 82.0) for nitrogen, and 81.0% (range 23.0 to 97.0) for carbohydrates. The corresponding values among the control subjects were 90.0% (range 76.0 to 99.0), 95.0% (range 71.0 to 99.0), 70.0% (range 10.0 to 95.0), and 93.0% (range 85.0 to 98.0) respectively. Absorption of all macronutrients in the control subjects was on average significantly higher than in the patients. Nutrient absorption is substantially reduced in persistent diarrhoea and a rice based diet is clinically effective in most patients.
Authors:
S K Roy; R Haider; M S Akbar; A N Alam; M Khatun; R Eeckels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1990 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-06-05     Completed Date:  1990-06-05     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  294-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bangladesh
Diarrhea, Infantile / diet therapy*,  metabolism
Energy Intake
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Humans
Infant
Intestinal Absorption*
Male
Oryza sativa*
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