Document Detail

Persistent Angina Pectoris, Cardiac Mortality and Myocardial Infarction During a 12 Year Follow-Up in 273 Variant Angina Patients Without Significant Fixed Coronary Stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22835410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The incidence of cardiac events in patients with variant angina pectoris without significant coronary stenosis and ST-segment elevation was analyzed during a 12-year follow-up period in 273 consecutive patients (82% men) admitted from 1986 through 2010. Among the 252 patients who underwent electrocardiography during pain, 205 had ST-segment elevation (82%) and 45 had ST-segment depression (18%). During index hospitalization, angina occurred in 179 patients (66%), ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation in 28 (10%), and complete atrioventricular block in 3 (1%), but there were no deaths or myocardial infarctions (MIs). At 140 months, angina was still present in 129 patients (47%), but frequent angina (>10 episodes/year) occurred in only 6%. Total mortality, cardiac mortality, and MI rates were 24%, 7.0%, and 6%, respectively. Cardiac death or MI occurred in 28 patients (10%), associated with tobacco smoking (p = 0.004), antecedent "first-wind" angina (p = 0.020), and angina during hospitalization (p = 0.044) and with continued smoking (p = 0.056) and recurrent angina during follow-up (p <0.001). Multivariate analysis identified age (p = 0.001), antecedent infarction (p = 0.005), first-wind angina (p = 0.009), and smoking at index hospitalization (p = 0.027) as predictors of total mortality and treatment with calcium antagonists (p = 0.047) and smoking during follow-up (p = 0.110) for cardiac mortality and MI. In conclusion, during 12-year follow-up, patients with variant angina pectoris, mostly with ST-segment elevation during pain, had a reduced incidence of cardiac mortality and MI, associated with first-wind angina, persistent angina, and continued smoking.
Jaume Figueras; Enric Domingo; Ignacio Ferreira; Rosa Maria Lidón; David Garcia-Dorado
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Unitat Coronària, Servei de Cardiologia, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
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