Document Detail

Persistency of neutralizing antibodies depends on titer and interferon-beta preparation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22013146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Backround: Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) affect the efficacy of interferon-beta (IFNβ) treatment in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, particularly if NAbs persist. Persistency depends on NAb titers, which differ between IFNβ preparations. Objective: This study evaluated IFNβ preparation-specific NAb cut-off titers during early treatment for prediction of NAb persistency. Methods: Patients who had at least one NAb test between 12 and 30 months (baseline) as well as after more than 48 months (follow-up) on IFNβ treatment were included in this longitudinal study. Results: At baseline 1064 patients had a NAb test. Of those, 203 had a follow-up test. In the follow-up group 23.2% of patients were NAb positive during baseline. NAb frequency significantly decreased by 40.7% in the IFNβ-1a and by 60% in the IFNβ-1b group at follow-up after a mean time of 75.4 months on treatment, and median NAb titers decreased significantly in both groups. During baseline, NAb titers of >258 neutralizing units (NU) had a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 90.9% in the IFNβ-1a group, whereas titers of >460 NU had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 91.7% in the IFNβ-1b group to predict persistency at follow-up. When these cut-off titers are applied, 10.2% of all treated patients developed persistent NAbs. Conclusion: IFNβ preparation-specific NAb cut-off titers for prediction of NAb persistency, which may be useful in individual treatment decision making, are provided.
Harald Hegen; Manuel Schleiser; Claudia Gneiss; Franziska Dipauli; Rainer Ehling; Bettina Kuenz; Andreas Lutterotti; Thomas Berger; Florian Deisenhammer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0970     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9509185     Medline TA:  Mult Scler     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria.
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