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Peroxidase mimicking DNA-gold nanoparticles for fluorescence detection of the lead ions in blood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23032966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Oligonucleotide (T30695) modified gold nanoparticles (T30695-Au NPs) have been prepared and employed for quantification of lead ions (Pb(2+)) in blood. The detection of Pb(2+) ions is through the formation of Au-Pb alloys and oligonucleotide-Pb(2+) complexes that catalyze the H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidation of non-fluorescent Amplex UltraRed (AUR) to form a highly fluorescent oxidized AUR product. Surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SALDI-TOF MS) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) revealed the formation of Au-Pb alloys on the surfaces of the 40T30695-Au NPs (i.e., the system featuring 40 molecules of T30695 per Au NP) in the presence of Pb(2+) ions, leading to increased catalytic activity for the H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidation of AUR. The fluorescence intensity (excitation/emission maxima: ca. 540/584 nm) of the oxidized AUR product is proportional to the concentration of Pb(2+) ions over the range 0.1-100 nM, with a linear correlation (R(2) = 0.99). The 40T30695-Au NP/AUR probe is highly selective toward Pb(2+) ions (by at least 200-fold over other tested metal ions). The 40T30695-Au NPs/AUR probe provided limits of detection (LOD, at a signal-to-noise ratio 3) for Pb(2+) ions of 0.05 and 0.1 nM, in Tris-acetate solution (5 mM, pH 8.0) without and with salt (150 mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 1 mM MgCl(2), and 1 mM CaCl(2)), respectively. Without conducting tedious sample pretreatment, the approach allows detection of Pb(2+) ions in blood samples, showing the potential of the 40T30695-Au NPs/AUR assay for on-site and real-time detection of Pb(2+) ions in biological samples.
Chi-Lin Li; Chih-Ching Huang; Wei-Hsi Chen; Cheng-Kang Chiang; Huan-Tsung Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Analyst     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1364-5528     ISO Abbreviation:  Analyst     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372652     Medline TA:  Analyst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.
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