Document Detail


Permissive norms and young adults' alcohol and marijuana use: the role of online communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23036215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Young adults are increasingly interacting with their peer groups online through social networking sites. These online interactions may reinforce or escalate alcohol and other drug (AOD) use as a result of more frequent and continuous exposure to AOD promotive norms; however, the influence of young adults' virtual networks on AOD use remains untested. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the presence of AOD use content in online social networking, perceived norms (online norms regarding AOD use and anticipated regret with AOD use postings), and alcohol and marijuana use in a sample of 18- to 24-year-olds.
METHOD: Using an adapted web version of respondent-driven sampling (webRDS), we recruited a sample of 18- to 24-year-olds (N = 3,448) in the United States. Using multivariate regression, we explored the relationship between past-30-day alcohol and marijuana use, online norms regarding AOD use, peer substance use, and online and offline peer support.
RESULTS: Alcohol use was associated with more alcohol content online. Anticipated regret and online peer support were associated with less alcohol use. Anticipated regret was negatively associated with marijuana use. Peer AOD use was positively associated with both alcohol and marijuana use.
CONCLUSIONS: Peers play an important role in young adult alcohol and marijuana use, whether online or in person. Our findings highlight the importance of promoting online network-based AOD prevention programs for young adults in the United States.
Authors:
Sarah A Stoddard; Jose A Bauermeister; Deborah Gordon-Messer; Michelle Johns; Marc A Zimmerman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-05     Completed Date:  2013-01-11     Revised Date:  2013-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  968-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. sastodda@umich.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Marijuana Smoking / psychology*
Peer Group*
Social Control, Informal*
Social Networking*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5RC1DA028061-02/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K01 MH087242/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; K01-MH087242/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; L30 MH084308/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; RC1 DA028061/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
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