Document Detail

Peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: analysis of an 8-year experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3713940     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Experiences with peritonitis in a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) program at a single center over 8 years were reviewed. Home-acquired peritonitis rates have been less than 1 episode per patient year since 1982. Gram-positive organisms continue to account for most episodes in a similar proportion. Actual known contamination could be pinpointed in only 7.4% of cases, but was strongly suspected in 35.8% of episodes. Exit site and/or tunnel infections were thought to have caused 20% of the cases. Intrinsic peritonitis probably accounted for 10.5%. Recurrence of peritonitis with the same organisms following cessation of antibiotics represented only 2.1% of cases.
B Prowant; K Nolph; L Ryan; Z Twardowski; R Khanna
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephron     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0028-2766     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephron     Publication Date:  1986  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-07-09     Completed Date:  1986-07-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0331777     Medline TA:  Nephron     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bacterial Infections / etiology*,  microbiology
Catheterization / adverse effects
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Hemodialysis, Home
Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory / adverse effects*
Peritonitis / epidemiology,  etiology*,  microbiology
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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