Document Detail


Peripheral ghrelin injections stimulate food intake, foraging, and food hoarding in Siberian hamsters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15576659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fasting triggers many effects, including increases in circulating concentrations of ghrelin, a primarily stomach-derived orexigenic hormone. Exogenous ghrelin treatment stimulates food intake, implicating it in fasting-induced increases in feeding, a consummatory ingestive behavior. In Siberian hamsters, fasting also stimulates appetitive ingestive behaviors such as foraging and food hoarding. Therefore, we tested whether systemic ghrelin injections (3, 30, and 200 mg/kg) would stimulate these appetitive behaviors using a running wheel-based food delivery system coupled with simulated burrow housing. We also measured active ghrelin plasma concentrations after exogenous ghrelin treatment and compared them to those associated with fasting. Hamsters had the following: 1) no running wheel access, free food; 2) running wheel access, free food; or 3) foraging requirement (10 revolutions/pellet), no free food. Ghrelin stimulated foraging at 0-1, 2-4, and 4-24 h postinjection but failed to affect wheel running activity not coupled to food. Ghrelin stimulated food intake initially (200-350%, first 4 h) across all groups; however, in hamsters with a foraging requirement, ghrelin also stimulated food intake 4-24 h postinjection (200-250%). Ghrelin stimulated food hoarding 2-72 h postinjection (100-300%), most markedly 2-4 h postinjection in animals lacking a foraging requirement (635%). Fasting increased plasma active ghrelin concentrations in a time-dependent fashion, with the 3- and 30-mg/kg dose creating concentrations of the peptide comparable to those induced by 24-48 h of fasting. Collectively, these data suggest that exogenous ghrelin, similar to fasting, increases appetitive behaviors (foraging, hoarding) by Siberian hamsters, but dissimilar to fasting in this species, stimulates food intake.
Authors:
Erin Keen-Rhinehart; Timothy J Bartness
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2004-12-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology     Volume:  288     ISSN:  0363-6119     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-08     Completed Date:  2005-03-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901230     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R716-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Avenue NE, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Conditioning (Psychology)
Cricetinae
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Eating / drug effects*
Fasting / blood
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
Ghrelin
Injections
Male
Motor Activity / drug effects,  physiology
Osmolar Concentration
Peptide Hormones / administration & dosage*,  blood,  pharmacology
Phodopus
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ghrelin; 0/Peptide Hormones

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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