Document Detail

Peripheral facial nerve palsy in severe systemic hypertension: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23382485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND Signs of nervous system dysfunction such as headache or convulsions often occur in severe systemic hypertension. Less recognized is the association between severe hypertension and peripheral facial nerve palsy. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on the association of peripheral facial palsy with severe hypertension. METHODS Systematic review of Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar from 1960 through December 2011 and report of two cases. RESULTS The literature review revealed 24 cases to which we add two cases with severe hypertension and peripheral facial palsy. Twenty-three patients were children. Palsy was unilateral in 25 cases, bilateral in one case, and recurred in nine. The time between the first facial symptoms and diagnosis of hypertension was a median of 45 days (range, 0 days-2 years). In five case series addressing the complications of severe hypertension in children, 41 further cases of peripheral facial palsy were listed out of 860 patients (4.8%). CONCLUSIONS The association between severe hypertension and peripheral facial palsy is mainly described in children. Arterial hypertension is diagnosed with a substantial delay. Outcome is favorable with adequate antihypertensive treatment. The pathophysiology is still debated.
Rinaldo Jörg; Gregorio P Milani; Giacomo D Simonetti; Mario G Bianchetti; Barbara Goeggel Simonetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1941-7225     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Pediatrics, Mendrisio and Bellinzona Hospitals and University of Berne, Switzerland;
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