Document Detail

Peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferative responses in the first year of life in babies born to allergic parents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8842551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Raised peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) proliferative responses to food allergens have been demonstrated in children with established atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: In this report we investigate the PBMC proliferative responses to inhalant and food allergens from babies at birth, 6 months and 1 year of age, born to atopic and non-atopic parents. METHODS: PBMCs, separated by density gradient centrifugation, were cultured for 6 days with autologous plasma and a range of allergens (house dust mite [HDM], cat, grass pollen, tree pollen, betalactoglobulin and ovalbumin). Proliferative responses were measured by the uptake of [3H] thymidine added for the final 18 h of culture. RESULTS: At birth, infants born to atopic parents who developed allergic disease by 1 year of age had significantly more positive responses (stimulation index > or = 2 with a value of > or = 1000 cpm above background) to HDM (P = 0.0097), betalactoglobulin (P = 0.0166) and ovalbumin (P = 0.0035) than newborns who did not develop allergy. Infants who developed allergy also had significantly more positive responses to HDM (P = 0.03) and ovalbumin (P = 0.0057) than babies, born to non-atopic parents, who did not develop allergies. At 6 months of age a significant fall in response to HDM (P = 0.003) and cat fur extract (P = 0.006) was seen in infants who developed allergic disease by 1 year of age. A similar pattern was seen for proliferative responses to betalactoglobulin and ovalbumin (P = 0.0006, P = 0.004). Conversely, proliferations to grass and tree pollen extracts increased at 6 months (P = 0.04, P = NS) and 1 year (P = NS, P = 0.01) compared with birth which was significant for infants who did not develop allergic disease. CONCLUSION: Proliferative responses to seasonal allergens increased over the first year of life whilst those to perennial allergens, both inhalant and food, fell. This suggests either the induction of a systemic immune tolerance by perennial exposure to antigens or movement of sensitized cells to target organs where allergen exposure occurs. This process may be independent of the development allergic disease.
E A Miles; J A Warner; A C Jones; B M Colwell; T N Bryant; J O Warner
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0954-7894     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Allergy     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-30     Completed Date:  1996-12-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906443     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Allergy     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  780-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Southampton, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / immunology
Allergens / immunology
Cell Division
Hypersensitivity / genetics*
Infant, Newborn / growth & development,  physiology*
Longitudinal Studies
Monocytes / cytology*
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:

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