Document Detail


Perioperative medical comorbidities in the orthopaedic patient.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18390484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Evaluation and management of medical comorbidities in the perioperative period can help improve surgical morbidity and mortality. Perioperative evaluation essentially is risk assessment and minimization. Patients undergoing orthopaedic treatment may benefit from temporizing measures to reduce systemic complications associated with some procedures. Patients at increased risk of cardiac ischemia should undergo risk stratification to determine possible perioperative interventions. Use of perioperative medications and/or consultation with specialists can help to address heart murmurs, bacterial endocarditis, prior stenting, heart failure, and hypertension. Patients with severe or unstable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease require the involvement of pulmonary care specialists. Renal failure can require nephrology consultation, particularly in cases of worsening renal function or urinary outflow obstruction. Hematologic considerations include bleeding and clotting. Prophylaxis should be used in patients with risk factors for peptic ulcer, as well as respiratory failure and hypotension. Nutritional status and liver disease also must be monitored and treated preoperatively. Orthopaedic diabetic patients should be placed on modified oral hypoglycemic or insulin regimens; recalcitrant cases merit consultation. Effective communication among all members of the patient's caregiving team is paramount.
Authors:
Brandon D Bushnell; J Kyle Horton; Morgan F McDonald; Peter G Robertson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1067-151X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Acad Orthop Surg     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-08     Completed Date:  2008-07-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9417468     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Orthop Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  216-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departmenr of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of North Carolina Hospitals, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Comorbidity*
Humans
Orthopedic Procedures*
Perioperative Care*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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