Document Detail

Perioperative cortisol can predict hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal status in clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19494715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Peri-operative steroids are administered routinely to patients with pituitary adenoma undergoing transsphenoidal adenomectomy (TSA). AIM: To evaluate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis before and after programmed endoscopic TSA (E-TSA) in patients with clinically non-functioning pituitary macroadenoma (NFPA). DESIGN: Open prospective. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospitals. PATIENTS: Seventy-two consecutive patients (20-87 yr, 37 males). INTERVENTIONS: Adrenal steroid replacement therapy (ASRT) was given only in patients with hypocortisolism [08:00 h cortisol (F) <8 microg/dl]. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: After ETSA, achieving wide (>90%) selective resection of the adenoma in all, F and clinical picture were checked at day 2. The low-dose (1 microg) ACTH test (LDACTH) was performed at 6 weeks and repeated at 12 months. RESULTS: Hypocortisolism was present pre-operatively in 14 patients (19.4%), persisted post-operatively in all but one, and was detected de novo at the post-operative day 2 control in 6 (10.3%). In all but one the post-operative day 2 basal F and peak F during LDACTH test were concordant. No patient whose F was > 8 microg/dl was treated with ASRT or developed symptoms of adrenal failure during the follow-up (1-11 yr, median 5). CONCLUSIONS: HPA function is usually preserved in NFPA and is infrequently impaired after complete tumor removal by E-TSA. The 08:00 h. plasma cortisol evaluation before and 2 days after surgery, using as cut-off the value of 8 microg/dl, allows full evaluation of HPA status. Peri-operative steroid treatment should be given only in patients with hypocortisolism.
R Cozzi; G Lasio; A Cardia; G Felisati; M Montini; R Attanasio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2009-04-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endocrinological investigation     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1720-8386     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Endocrinol. Invest.     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806594     Medline TA:  J Endocrinol Invest     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  460-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Endocrinology, Niguarda Hospital, Milan, Italy.
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