Document Detail

Periodontitis patient and the spouse: periodontal bacteria before and after treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9442426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Suspected periodontal pathogens can be transmitted between spouses. The treatment response may be unsuccessful in periodontitis patients, if the spouse harbors these bacteria. The aim of the present 6-month follow-up study was to clarify whether the microbiological treatment outcome of periodontitis patients is related to the detection of suspected periodontal pathogens in the saliva of the spouse. 10 patients with advanced periodontitis and their spouses were included in the study. The patients received mechanical periodontal treatment and 500 mg metronidazole systemically 2x a day for 7 days. The presence of visible plaque, gingival bleeding after probing, suppuration, supragingival and subgingival calculus and pocket depths were assessed at baseline and 1 and 6 months after treatment. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia/Prevotella nigrescens, Campylobacter rectus and Peptostreptococcus micros were cultured from pooled subgingival samples from the patients and from salivary samples from the spouses at corresponding occasions. Periodontal conditions in the patients improved after treatment as determined by the significantly lower values of clinical variables 1 and 6 months after treatment compared to those at baseline. However, the re-emergence of periodontal bacteria after treatment of the patients was not related to the concurrent detection of the respective bacteria in the saliva of the spouses. In this study design, it seemed that the salivary bacterial load in the spouse was of minor importance for the microbiological treatment outcome of the patient.
B von Troil-Lindén; S Alaluusua; J Wolf; H Jousimies-Somer; J Torppa; S Asikainen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0303-6979     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-26     Completed Date:  1998-02-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  893-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Periodontology, University of Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans / isolation & purification
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Bacteria / isolation & purification*
Campylobacter / isolation & purification
Dental Calculus / therapy
Dental Plaque / microbiology,  therapy
Dental Scaling
Family Health
Follow-Up Studies
Gingival Hemorrhage / therapy
Metronidazole / therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Peptostreptococcus / isolation & purification
Periodontal Pocket / therapy
Periodontitis / microbiology*,  therapy
Porphyromonas gingivalis / isolation & purification
Prevotella intermedia / isolation & purification
Root Planing
Saliva / microbiology
Subgingival Curettage
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 443-48-1/Metronidazole

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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