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Periodontal status and its correlation with haematological parameters in patients with leukaemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22909091     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIM: This cross-sectional study evaluated periodontal status in patients with leukaemia and its correlation with haematological parameters. METHODS: Patients with different types of leukaemia and minimum age of 14 years were eligible. Calibrated examiners assessed Seymour index (SI), plaque index (PlI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) and performed an interview. Haematological parameters were obtained from haemogram performed on the same day of the periodontal examinations. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients were evaluated, which corresponded to an 85% response rate. Periodontal parameters were in agreement with plaque accumulation (PlI 1.28 ± 0.5, GI 0.74 ± 0.4, PD 2.27 ± 0.6, BOP 33%, CAL 2.31 ± 1.6). PlI and CAL were statistically lower in acute leukaemia (1.13 ± 0.61 and 1.96 ± 1.7) in comparison with chronic leukaemia (1.46 ± 0.44 and 2.74 ± 1.4). Moreover, older age (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.27-1.56), higher educational level (CI: -1.94 to -0.64) and smoker (CI: 0.39-1.96) were associated with CAL. Correlation between periodontal and haematological parameters was not observed. Correlations between GI x SI and PD x SI were statistically significant (r(S)  = 0.390, p = 0.001; r(S)  = 0.517, p = 0.000 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal parameters were consistent with plaque accumulation and did not correlate with haematological parameters irrespective of the leukaemia type.
Patrícia Daniela Melchiors Angst; Danilo Antonio Milbradt Dutra; Carlos Heitor Cunha Moreira; Karla Zanini Kantorski
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-051X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
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