Document Detail

Periodontal disease status during pregnancy and 3 months post-partum, in a rural population of Sri-Lankan women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11034128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this investigation was to study the effects of pregnancy on the periodontium, in a rural population of Sri-Lankan women. METHODS: The study group consisted of 47 pregnant women and 47 non-pregnant women who served as matched controls. All subjects were examined for plaque (plaque index: PLI), gingival condition (gingival index: GI) and loss of periodontal attachment (LA) levels, 4 x during the study, at 3-monthly intervals. RESULTS: Despite similar scores for plaque levels in both pregnant and non-pregnant women, the GI of pregnant women was significantly increased, during the 1st and 2nd trimesters compared to the controls (p<0.01, 2-way ANOVA). During the 3rd trimester, GI was further increased (p<0.001), but dropped at 3 months post-partum. Values for LA did not show significant differences from that of controls, during any of the stages of pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that pregnancy had an effect only on the gingivae and not on periodontal attachment levels. The effects of oestrogen and progesterone could give rise to a more florid response to the irritant effects of plaque, resulting in severe gingivitis.
A Tilakaratne; M Soory; A W Ranasinghe; S M Corea; S L Ekanayake; M de Silva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0303-6979     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2000 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-10     Completed Date:  2001-01-25     Revised Date:  2006-10-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  787-92     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Sri-Lanka, Peradeniya.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Capillary Permeability
Case-Control Studies
Dental Plaque Index
Estrogens / physiology
Gingivitis / epidemiology*,  physiopathology
Longitudinal Studies
Periodontal Index
Periodontium / blood supply
Postpartum Period
Pregnancy Complications* / epidemiology,  physiopathology
Progesterone / physiology
Rural Health
Sri Lanka / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogens; 57-83-0/Progesterone

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