Document Detail

Perinatal transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2655794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from an infected mother to her fetus or infant can occur in utero and probably during labor and delivery. Transmission via breast milk has also been documented. Because of limitations of conventional HIV testing in infants, it is difficult to determine the rate of transmission from an infected mother to her fetus or infant, but it is probably between 20% and 60%, depending on the mother's health status. Perinatal HIV infection is a significant problem particularly in "Pattern II" countries, where HIV is spread primarily by heterosexual contact. In "Pattern I" countries, where HIV predominantly affects homosexual and bisexual men, children are infected by mothers who acquired the infection through I.V. drug abuse or sexual contact with an infected partner.
J W Pape; W Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0085-4638     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull Pan Am Health Organ     Publication Date:  1989  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-27     Completed Date:  1989-06-27     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505403     Medline TA:  Bull Pan Am Health Organ     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  50-61     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
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MeSH Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control,  transmission*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / transmission*
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / immunology*
Prenatal Care

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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