Document Detail

Perinatal outcome and later implications of intrauterine growth restriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16721105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This chapter reviews outcomes for children who have intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) or small-for-gestation-age (SGA) status at birth. Such infants are at risk for increased perinatal mortality, birth adaptation complications, including perinatal acidosis, hypoglycemia, hypothermia, coagulation abnormalities, and selected immunologic deficiencies. IUGR infants also appear to be at great risk for complications of prematurity, including chronic lung disease and necrotizing enterocolitis. Childhood implications for IUGR include an increased risk for short stature, cognitive delays with decreased academic achievement, and a small but significant increased risk of neurologic disorders, including cerebral palsy. Low socioeconomic status is correlated with the occurrence of IUGR and is significantly related to long-term disabilities. Morbidities associated with preterm delivery appear to be additive to those associated with fetal growth restriction so IUGR, preterm infants may be at great risk for poor neurodevelopmental outcome.
Eugenia K Pallotto; Howard W Kilbride
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0009-9201     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-24     Completed Date:  2008-01-16     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0070014     Medline TA:  Clin Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri 64108, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Asphyxia / embryology
Blood Coagulation Disorders / embryology
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Developmental Disabilities / etiology
Fetal Growth Retardation* / mortality
Gestational Age
Hypertension / complications*
Hypocalcemia / embryology
Hypoglycemia / embryology
Hypothermia / embryology
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / embryology*
Infant, Small for Gestational Age*
Kidney Failure / complications*
Nervous System Diseases / embryology
Polycythemia / embryology
Pregnancy Complications / etiology*
Pregnancy Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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