Document Detail


Perinatal mortality in home births in rural Tanzania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7774738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal mortality, stratified for risk level, in home births attended by a relative or traditional birth attendant without formal training with births attended by trained personnel in a dispensary or hospital. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective community based study in five villages in Northwestern Tanzania during 1990, involving 222 women delivering at home and 199 in a dispensary or hospital. RESULTS: Twenty-two of the 29 (76%) perinatal deaths occurred in home births. Perinatal mortality, stratified for risk level, was three times higher in home births than it was in births in dispensaries or in hospital (Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio, 3.29; 95% CI, 1.28-9.22). CONCLUSIONS: This study re-emphasises that all births should be attended by adequately trained personnel. More effective strategies are needed to convince women with high risk pregnancies to deliver in hospital. Emergency referral services are required to deal with unexpected complications arising in low risk births at home.
It is widely accepted that the quality of maternity care is a main determinant of maternal mortality rates, but it remains unclear whether that also applies to perinatal mortality. The authors compared the level of perinatal mortality resulting from home births in rural Tanzania attended only by a relative or traditional birth attendant without formal training to the level among births attended by trained personnel in a dispensary or hospital. The study involved 222 women delivering at home and 199 in a dispensary or hospital from five villages in Northwestern Tanzania during 1990. 22 of the 29 perinatal deaths occurred in home births. Stratified for risk level, the level of perinatal mortality was three times higher in home births than it was in births in dispensaries or in hospital. These findings re-emphasize that all births should be attended by adequately trained personnel. More effective strategies are needed to convince women with high risk pregnancies to deliver in hospital and emergency referral services are required to deal with unexpected complications arising in low-risk births at home.
Authors:
G E Walraven; R J Mkanje; J Roosmalen; P W van Dongen; W M Dolmans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0301-2115     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-13     Completed Date:  1995-07-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  131-4     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Sumve Designated District Hospital, Mwanza Region, Tanzania.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Delivery Rooms*
Female
Fetal Death / epidemiology*
Home Childbirth*
Humans
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Rural Health*
Tanzania / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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