Document Detail

Perinatal mortality in the Special Care Nursery of Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15868963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the mortality rate and causes of death of all infants admitted to the Special Care Nursery (SCN) of a tertiary referral hospital in rural Kenya. DESIGN: Prospective and Cross-sectional study SETTING: Special Care Nursery, Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya. SUBJECTS: All infants admitted to the Special Care Nursing (SCN). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival status at seven postnatal days; major causes of mortality and morbidity. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty five babies were studied between February and September 1999. Out of these 167 (49.9%) were male. There were 50 (15%) preterm and 124 (37.3%) low birth weight babies. There were 198 (76.2%) appropriate for gestational age (AGA), 46 (17.7%) small for gestational age and 16 (6.2%) large for gestational age babies. The seven day mortality rate of infants admitted to the Special Care Nursery was 66 (19.7%). Birth asphyxia and respiratory distress accounted for most deaths. Infants who were admitted primarily because the mother remained under general anesthesia generally did well. Logistic factors, including inadequate training for neonatal resuscitation in ward cadre of staff, unavailability of trained paediatricians and obstetricians, and inadequate operating theatre supplies were all found to delay treatment and likely to increase mortality. CONCLUSION: Morbidity and mortality of infants born at the MTRH remain high. The most common cause of mortality remains birth asphyxia. Some causative factors, such as lack of resources or personnel, are logistic and could be rectified. Antenatal care had a significant positive impact on both morbidity and mortality.
S O Ayaya; F O Esamai; J Rotich; E Liechty
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African medical journal     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0012-835X     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr Med J     Publication Date:  2004 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-04     Completed Date:  2005-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372766     Medline TA:  East Afr Med J     Country:  Kenya    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  555-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Child Health and Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Moi University, PO Box 6121, Eldoret, Kenya.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hospitals, Teaching / statistics & numerical data*
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Kenya / epidemiology
Nurseries, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
Prospective Studies
Comment In:
East Afr Med J. 2004 Nov;81(11):553-4   [PMID:  15868962 ]

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