Document Detail

Perinatal mortality in Bahrain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3250447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of 583 perinatal deaths at the Ministry of Health hospitals in Bahrain, during the years 1985-1987 revealed a perinatal mortality rate of 19.6 per 1,000 total births. Lethal congenital malformations accounted for 145 (24.9%) deaths. Of the 438 normally formed infants there were 42.2% antepartum, 115 (26.3%) intrapartum and 138 (31.5%) early neonatal deaths; in 82.7% of cases the death was considered to be unavoidable. The population of Bahrain for 1986 according to the Central Statistics Organization (1) was 435,065, the majority of which was served by the Ministry of Health Maternity Service with approximately 10,000 deliveries per annum. The Ministry of Health provides maternity services through one main maternity hospital and 2 peripheral hospitals with consultant obstetric care. In addition to these, there are 3 maternity units run by midwives. High risk cases are usually delivered in the main hospital as there is a neonatal intensive care unit attached to it. The latter also acts as a referral centre for all sick babies in Bahrain. An analysis of the causes of perinatal deaths is an effective way of assessing the efficiency of maternity services. The objective of this study was to identify and improve the various factors influencing perinatal mortality in Bahrain.
In Bahrain, the Ministry of Health (MOH) medical facilities, which included 1 main maternity hospital, 2 peripheral hospitals, and 3 maternity units under the direction of midwives, reported 29,644 births during January 1985-December 1987. 355 of these were stillbirth and 228 infants died within the 1st week which made up a perinatal mortality rate of 19.6/1000 births. The leading causes of perinatal deaths included, in descending order, low birth weight, mainly due to prematurity (29.3%); congenital malformations (24.9%); mechanical problems, especially cord complications (12%), antepartum hemorrhage, most caused by abruptio placentae (9.1%), and preeclampsia (9.1%). Of the 438 normally formed infants that died, 185 (42.2%) of these were antepartum, 115 (26.3%) intrapartum, and 138 (31.5%) postpartum. 45 (10%) of the normally formed infants that died weighed above the 10th percentile for their gestational age and there were no maternal complications. The researchers classified 101 of all the infant deaths (17.3%) as avoidable perinatal deaths--70% due to poor patient compliance, 28% due to medical mismanagement, and 2% due to a combination of these factors. The MOH must emphasize health education and regular prenatal visits for pregnant mothers. Health practitioners need to reevaluate present prenatal and intrapartum clinical methods and to routinely screen for diabetes and other possible high risk factors.
A M el-Shafei; A K Sandhu; J K Dhaliwal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0004-8666     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  1988 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-07-03     Completed Date:  1989-07-03     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0001027     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  293-8     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Salmaniya Medical Centre, State of Bahrain.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Fetal Death / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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