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Perinatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke: Presentation, Risk Factors, Evaluation, and Outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25444092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke is as common as large vessel arterial ischemic stroke in adults and leads to significant morbidity. Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke is the most common identifiable cause of cerebral palsy and can lead to cognitive and behavioral difficulties that are amortized over a lifetime.
METHODS: The literature on perinatal arterial ischemic stroke was reviewed and analyzed.
RESULTS: Risk factors for perinatal arterial ischemic stroke include those that are maternal, neonatal, and placental. The most common clinical signs at presentation are seizures and hemiparesis. Evaluation should begin with thorough history acquisition and physical examination followed by magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, with consideration of magnetic resonance angiography of the head and neck, echocardiogram, and thrombophilia evaluation. Treatment beginning early to include physical, speech, and occupational therapies including constraint-induced movement therapy and close cognitive and developmental follow-up may be beneficial. Future treatments may include transcranial magnetic stimulation, hypothermia, and erythropoietin.
CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke comprises a group of arterial ischemic injuries that can occur in the prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal periods in term and preterm infants with different types of perinatal arterial ischemic stroke having different clinical presentations, risk factors, and long-term outcomes.
Authors:
Laura L Lehman; Michael J Rivkin
Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric neurology     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1873-5150     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508183     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  760-768     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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