Document Detail


Peri-urban aquatic plant culture and skin disease in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19240356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A cross-sectional study with follow-up was done in five communities involved in aquaculture in peri-urban Phnom Penh, Cambodia, to assess the association between skin disease, particularly dermatitis and occupational wastewater exposure. From 200 selected households 650 household members aged > or = 15 years were visited and examined dermatologically three times in July 2004, January and May 2005. Overall dermatitis prevalence was 6.1%. However, all cases (116) were found in the two wastewater villages involved in aquatic plant culture. Risk factor analysis restricted to the two wastewater villages showed that involvement in wastewater-fed aquatic plant production increased the risk of dermatitis in the univariable analysis but not in the multivariable analysis. Among family members involved in wastewater-fed aquatic plant production a longer duration of daily wastewater contact did not increase the risk of dermatitis in the multivariable analysis. Wet season, older age and having a history of skin problems in the three months prior to each survey were associated significantly with dermatitis. Very few aquaculture workers applied personal protection and the factor had no significant effect on dermatitis. The present study did not show a consistent association between occupational exposure to wastewater and dermatitis, unlike similar Vietnamese studies.
Authors:
Vuong Tuan Anh; Wim van der Hoek; Annette Kjaer Ersbøll; Chan Vicheth; Phung Dac Cam; Anders Dalsgaard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of water and health     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1477-8920     ISO Abbreviation:  J Water Health     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-25     Completed Date:  2009-07-23     Revised Date:  2009-09-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101185420     Medline TA:  J Water Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  302-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Enteric Infections, Department of Microbiology, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, 1 Yersin Street, Hanoi, 10000, Vietnam. vtanihe@yahoo.co.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Agricultural Workers' Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Aquaculture / statistics & numerical data
Cambodia / epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dermatitis, Occupational / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Sewage / adverse effects*
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sewage

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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