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"Perhaps it would be better not to know everything.".
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16795545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The advent of statistical methods for evaluating the data of individual-subject designs invites a comparison of the usual research tactics of the group-design paradigm and the individual-subject-design paradigm. That comparison can hinge on the concept of assigning probabilities of Type 1 and Type 2 errors. Individual-subject designs are usually interpreted with implicit, very low probabilities of Type 1 errors, and correspondingly high probabilities of Type 1 errors, and correspondingly high probabilities of Type 2 errors. Group designs are usually interpreted with explicit, moderately low probabilities of Type 1 errors, and therefore with not such high probabilities of Type 2 errors as in the other paradigm. This difference may seem to be a minor one, considered in terms of centiles on a probability scale. However, when it is interpreted in terms of the substantive kinds of results likely to be produced by each paradigm, it appears that the individual-subject-design paradigm is more likely to contribute to the development of a technology of behavior, and it is suggested that this orientation should not be abandoned.
Authors:
D M Baer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1977  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  167-72     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of Kansas.
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