Document Detail

Performance of two blue light-emitting-diode dental light curing units with distance and irradiation-time.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14698776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of two blue light-emitting-diode (LED) curing units, in terms of their spectral output and irradiance and the depth of cure (dcure) produced in standard hybrid and modified composites, compared with a conventional quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) light curing unit. METHODS: The following light curing units (LCUs) were studied: Elipar-Freelight-1 LED (LED-1) 3 M-ESPE, Ultralume-2 LED (LED-2) Optident, and the Optilux-500 QTH (QTH-1) Sybron-Kerr. For each LCU, using a UV-visible spectrophotometer, the output spectrum was measured and the irradiance of emitted light as a function of source-detector distance. Three composites were studied of similar formulation but differing in their initiator concentrations and/or opacity. These were: Tetric Ceram (A3), Tetric Ceram HB containing an additional photoinitiator responding to approximately 435 nm (A3) and Tetric Ceram Bleach (L). dcure was measured using a calibrated digital needle-penetrometer, as a function of source-specimen distance and for irradiance periods of 10, 20 and 40 s. RESULTS: Each unit delivered a single peak in the blue region of the visible spectrum. The wavelength maxima for LED-1, LED-2 and QTH-1 were 486.4, 458.2 and 495.2 nm, respectively. Cure-depth (dcure) values varied significantly (p<0.001) with irradiance times and source-specimen distance for both LED and QTH sources. The percentage reduction in dcure values resulting from LED versus QTH irradiance increased with source-specimen distance. SIGNIFICANCE: The LED-LCUs had an energy-efficient spectral output for conventional composite curing but had a lower irradiance compared with the QTH-LCU, leading to reduced performance in depths of cure. Design improvements to provide greater irradiance from the LED-1 and to a lesser extent LED-2, should result in increased performance.
Adrian W Bennett; David C Watts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0109-5641     ISO Abbreviation:  Dent Mater     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-30     Completed Date:  2004-03-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508040     Medline TA:  Dent Mater     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-9     Citation Subset:  D    
Biomaterials Science Unit, Turner Dental School, University of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester M15 6FH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Composite Resins / radiation effects*
Dental Equipment*
Electric Power Supplies
Technology, Dental / instrumentation
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Composite Resins; 0/Halogens

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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