Document Detail


Performance of turkey poults fed different doses of aflatoxins in the diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17626804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This work was conduced to determine the performance parameters of initial-phase turkey poults fed 7 different doses of aflatoxins in the diet. Three hundred thirty-six 1-d-old male turkey poults were used in this research. Turkeys were divided into 7 treatments according to aflatoxin doses (T1 = control; T2 = 20 ppb aflatoxins; T3 = 50 ppb; T4 = 100 ppb; T5 = 200 ppb; T6 = 500 ppb; T7 = 1,000 ppb). Birds were killed in 2 periods: half of them after 21 d of experiment and the remaining birds after 42 d of experiment. In both periods, the evaluated parameters were as follows: feed consumption, BW, relative weights of organs (liver, gizzard, heart, and bursa of Fabricius) and meat (breast and thighs), and clinical biochemistry parameters (total plasmatic proteins, albumin, uric acid, cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase). At 21 d of experiment, both feed consumption and BW were significantly affected by the aflatoxins present in the diet. Nevertheless, gizzard relative weight, total plasmatic proteins, and cholesterol levels were also affected. At the 42-d evaluation, besides feed consumption and BW, gizzard and liver relative weights and cholesterol levels were also affected by the presence of aflatoxins in the diet. Turkey poults are very sensitive to aflatoxin poisoning, because they are at least 3 to 6 times more sensitive to these contaminants than broilers.
Authors:
R H Rauber; P Dilkin; L Z Giacomini; C A Araújo de Almeida; C A Mallmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-13     Completed Date:  2007-09-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1620-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Micotoxicological Analysis, Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Santa Maria, 97.105-900, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxins / administration & dosage*,  poisoning,  toxicity*
Animal Feed
Animals
Body Weight / drug effects
Diet / veterinary*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Male
Poultry Diseases / chemically induced*
Turkeys / growth & development*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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