Document Detail


Performance of the tibial component in total knee replacement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7118966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In patients with deficient bone in the proximal end of the tibia, the mechanical support of a conventional total knee replacement may be inadequate. We have developed a custom design for use in situations in which there is extensive deficiency of tibial cancellous bone. To do this, we examined conventional and custom prosthetic tibial components using finite-element analysis. Several loading configurations were tested, and the worst loading conditions were found to be those in which eccentric loads were placed on the margin of the tibial component. The results showed that the stresses on the cancellous bone beneath a conventional-design prosthesis may be lowered if a metal tray and metal peg are employed. A salvage-design concept for revision in the presence of deficient cancellous bone was tested analytically and used successfully. This concept requires that some portion of the applied load be transferred directly to the tibial cortical shell. Stresses in the remaining cancellous bone were lowered by the combination of a thickened metal tray and a metal support buttress. Clinical Relevance: This study demonstrates the advantage of metal trays for the tibial plateau and suggests that they should be used whenever the supporting tibial bone is insufficient. In knees in which there are large defects in the bone, direct transfer of the load to the cortical shell through the prosthesis, made possible by a custom design, appears to be necessary.
Authors:
D L Bartel; A H Burstein; E A Santavicca; J N Insall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0021-9355     ISO Abbreviation:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Publication Date:  1982 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-02     Completed Date:  1982-12-02     Revised Date:  2010-10-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014030     Medline TA:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1026-33     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Biomechanics
Female
Humans
Knee Joint / physiology*,  surgery
Knee Prosthesis*
Stress, Mechanical
Tensile Strength
Tibia / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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