Document Detail


Performance changes in world-class kayakers following two different training periodization models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20414669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was undertaken to compare training-induced changes in selected physiological, body composition and performance variables following two training periodization models: traditional (TP) versus block periodization (BP). Ten world-class kayakers were assessed four times during a training cycle over two consecutive seasons. On each occasion, subjects completed an incremental test to exhaustion on the kayak ergometer to determine peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)), VO(2) at second ventilatory threshold (VO(2) VT2), peak blood lactate, paddling speed at VO(2peak) (PS(peak)) and VT2 (PS( VT2)), power output at VO(2peak) (Pw(peak)) and VT2 (Pw( VT2)), stroke rate at VO(2peak) (SR(peak)) and VT2 (SR( VT2)) as well as heart rate at VO(2peak) and VT2. Volume and exercise intensity were quantified for each endurance training session. Both TP and BP cycles resulted in similar gains in VO(2peak) (11 and 8.1%) and VO(2) VT2 (9.8 and 9.4%), even though the TP cycle was 10 weeks and 120 training hours longer than the BP cycle. Following BP paddlers experienced larger gains in PS(peak), Pw(peak) and SR(peak) than those observed with TP. These findings suggest that BP may be more effective than TP for improving the performance of highly trained top-level kayakers. Although both models allowed significant improvements of selected physiological and kayaking performance variables, the BP program achieved similar results with half the endurance training volume used in the TP model. A BP design could be a more useful strategy than TP to maintain the residual training effects as well as to achieve greater improvements in certain variables related to kayaking performance.
Authors:
Jesús García-Pallarés; Miguel García-Fernández; Luis Sánchez-Medina; Mikel Izquierdo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-04-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-12     Completed Date:  2010-12-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  99-107     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain. jesus.garcia.pallares@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anaerobic Threshold
Athletic Performance*
Body Composition
Cross-Over Studies
Exercise Test
Heart Rate
Humans
Lactic Acid / blood
Male
Muscle Contraction*
Muscle Strength*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption
Periodicity*
Physical Endurance*
Pulmonary Ventilation
Ships
Sports*
Task Performance and Analysis
Time Factors
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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