Document Detail


Perforating frontal branch of the superficial temporal artery as related to subcutaneous forehead lift.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23172426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to elucidate the precise anatomy of the perforating branch of the superficial temporal artery in relation to subcutaneous forehead lift (SFL).Ten hemifaces of 6 fresh adult Korean cadavers were used in this study. In 4 hemifaces, following injection of red latex, dissection was performed. In 2 hemifaces, following injection of methylene blue solution into the perforator, the area of discoloration was observed. An artery perforating the frontalis muscle into skin of the forehead was identified in 18 foreheads of 9 patients who underwent SFL. Measurements were taken of the external diameter and the location of the perforator.Perforating branches originating from the frontal branch of the superficial temporal artery, perforating the frontalis muscle into skin of the forehead, were observed in all 10 of the dissected hemifaces. Thereafter, it was referred to as the perforating frontal artery (PFA). Skin of the ipsilateral mid-forehead was discolored by methylene blue solution. Most of the PFA (83%) was included in a circle having a radius of 8.9 mm. The center of the circle was located 40.5 mm from the midline on the x axis and 53.6 mm from the supraorbital rim (on the y axis). The center of the circle was located at 89.8% of the length of the midline to the lateral canthus (x axis) and 79.1% of the length of the supraorbital rim to the hairline (y axis).Plastic surgeons can use the PFA in order to achieve sufficient circulation of the skin flap. When surgeons are required to sacrifice the PFA in order to achieve flap mobilization, they can safely cauterize the PFA after isolation without causing accidental burn injury to the skin flap. In addition, the PFA might be useful in creation of local or distant flaps for reconstruction of the forehead or scalp.
Authors:
Yong Woo Jo; Kun Hwang; Fan Huan; Sang Hyun Kim; Seung Ho Han
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of craniofacial surgery     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1536-3732     ISO Abbreviation:  J Craniofac Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010410     Medline TA:  J Craniofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1861-3     Citation Subset:  D    
Affiliation:
From the *Dream Aesthetic Plastic Surgical Clinic, Seoul, and Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, and †Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon; and ‡Department of Anatomy and Institute for Applied Anatomy, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
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