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Percutaneous treatment of deep vein thrombosis in May-Thurner syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16502185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: May-Thurner syndrome is an uncommon disease entity in which the left common iliac vein is compressed by the right common iliac artery with subsequent development of deep vein thrombosis and chronic venous insufficiency. We report our experience on the treatment of extensive iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis due to May-Thurner syndrome using endovascular techniques. METHODS: The study group comprised 21 patients (8 men, 13 women; mean age 51 years) diagnosed with May-Thurner syndrome by venogram. Eighteen patients were treated with catheter-guided thrombolysis; 3 patients with short segment involvement did not require thrombolysis. After completion of the thrombolytic therapy, the residual venous narrowing was treated by balloon angioplasty and/or placement of a self-expandable stent. RESULTS: The mean total dose of urokinase was 4.28 +/- 1.89 million units, and the mean duration of infusion was 72 +/- 35 hr. Eighteen of the 21 patients received stent deployment. The mean diameter of the stents was 12.9 +/- 2.0 mm. Initial technical successes with immediate symptom resolution were achieved in 20 of the 21 patients (95%). We performed a follow-up venogram 6 months after procedure and checked clinical symptoms at outpatient clinics (mean follow-up duration 10.8 months). Among the patients who received stent implantation, 2 had recurrent thrombotic occlusion during the follow-up period. Three patients, who did not receive stent implantation, all had recurrent thrombosis. There were no major bleeding complications except in 1 patient who developed retroperitoneal hematoma. CONCLUSION: Catheter-guided thrombolysis and angioplasty with stent implantation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of May-Thurner syndrome.
Jong-Youn Kim; Donghoon Choi; Young Guk Ko; Sungha Park; Yangsoo Jang; Do Yun Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular and interventional radiology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0174-1551     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol     Publication Date:    2006 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-26     Completed Date:  2006-11-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003538     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  571-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiology Division, Yonsei Cardiovascular Center and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Functional Laterality
Iliac Artery*
Iliac Vein*
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Embolism / complications
Retrospective Studies
Thrombolytic Therapy
Venous Thrombosis / radiography,  therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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