Document Detail

Percutaneous sclerotherapy in neonatal and infant head and neck lymphatic malformations: a single center experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22075337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of percutaneous sclerotherapy for congenital head and neck lymphatic malformations in our institution.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 7-year period, 17 children (10 M, 7 F) mean age 5.8 months (5 days to 13 months) underwent 49 sclerotherapy procedures for congenital head and neck malformations. The imaging and clinical records were reviewed for each patient. Ten of 17 had macrocystic disease; 7 of 17 had microcystic disease. Imaging response was categorized by volume reductions of 0% to 25%, 25% to 50%, 50% to 75%, or 75% to 100%. A concentration of 10 mg/mL doxycycline was used routinely via catheter in 3 instillations with a dose range of 50 to 500 mg per session as per our standard protocol in 17 of 17 patients. In more recent patients, systemic doxycycline levels were obtained after instillations. Additional treatments included direct injection doxycycline (10/17), instillation of absolute ethanol (7/17) or sodium tetradecyl sulfate (4/17), or a combination of these methods.
RESULTS: Imaging improvement of ≥76% was noted in 11 of 17. Of these, 8 of 11 had macrocystic disease. Four of 17 had 51% to 75% resolution, of which 3/4 were mixed. Two of 17 children had 25% to 50% resolution with a mixed lesion. Seven of 49 peri-procedural complications: hemolytic anemia in 2 infants, hypoglycemic and metabolic acidosis in 3 neonates aged 7 to 10 days, transient hypotension during absolute alcohol instillation in 1 neonate, and self-limiting skin excoriation secondary to peri-catheter leakage of doxycycline in one neonate. Neonates prone to these systemic complications had doxycycline doses of greater than 250 mg and resulted in serum levels of >5 μg/mL but as high as 21 μg/mL. Delayed neural complications occurred in 7 of 49 procedures, Horner's syndromes in 4 of 49 procedures, transient left lip weakness in 1 of 49 procedures, right facial nerve palsy in 1 of 49 procedures, and transient left hemidiaphragm paralysis in 1/49 procedures.
CONCLUSION: Our experience with catheter directed doxycycline sclerotherapy provides excellent results for large macrocystic head and neck lymphatic malformations. Microcystic and mixed lesions continue to provide a therapeutic challenge.
Anne Marie Cahill; Els Nijs; Deddeh Ballah; Deborah Rabinowitz; Lynn Thompson; Natalie Rintoul; Holly Hedrick; Ian Jacobs; David Low
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2083-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
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