Document Detail

Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy as the initial and definitive treatment for malignant pericardial effusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24775817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Malignant pericardial effusion has a high recurrence rate after pericardiocentesis. We sought to confirm the efficacy of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy as the initial treatment of choice for these effusions.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the clinical, echocardiographic, and follow-up characteristics of a consecutive series of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomies carried out in a single center in patients with advanced cancer.
RESULTS: Seventeen percutaneous balloon pericardiotomies were performed in 16 patients with a mean age of 66.2 (15.2) years. Fourteen patients had pathologically confirmed metastatic neoplastic disease, 3 had previously required pericardiocentesis, and in the remaining patients percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy was the first treatment for the effusion. All patients had a severe circumferential effusion, and most presented evidence of hemodynamic compromise on echocardiography. In all cases, the procedure was successful, there were no acute complications, and it was well tolerated at the first attempt. There were no infectious complications during follow-up (median, 44 [interquartile range, 36-225] days). One patient developed a large pleural effusion that did not require treatment. Three patients needed a new pericardial procedure: 2 had elective pericardial window surgeries and 1 had a second percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy.
CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy is a simple, safe technique that can be effective in the prevention of recurrence in many patients with severe malignant pericardial effusion. The characteristics of this procedure make it particularly useful in this group of patients to avoid more aggressive, poorly tolerated approaches.
Juan Ruiz-García; Santiago Jiménez-Valero; Raúl Moreno; Guillermo Galeote; Angel Sánchez-Recalde; Luis Calvo; Mar Moreno-Yangüela; Sebastián Carrizo; Sergio García-Blas; José Luis López-Sendón
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista española de cardiología (English ed.)     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1885-5857     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed)     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101587954     Medline TA:  Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed)     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  357-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
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