Document Detail

Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty in eight pregnant women with severe mitral stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1289097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Normal gestation is associated with a hyperdynamic adaptive state. The circulatory changes represent an additional burden on the cardiovascular system of women with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). Life-threatening complications can occur in pregnant women with severe MS. We successfully performed percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PMV) in eight pregnant patients (mean age 28 +/- 6.9 years, range 21-38 years). Pregnancy mean age was 24.6 +/- 6.5 weeks. Five patients were in NYHA functional class III and three patients were in class IV. Emergency PMV seemed to be life saving to both mother and foetus in one case. All patients but one had pliable valves. PMV was achieved using the double balloon transseptal technique. To protect the foetus from radiation, the patient's pelvic-abdominal area was shielded and left ventriculography was not performed. The total mean time of PMV was 72 +/- 19 min and that of fluoroscopy was 16.6 +/- 7.8 min. Gorlin's mitral valve area increased from 0.83 +/- 0.15 to 2.4 +/- 0.34 cm2 and the cardiac index from 3.1 +/- 0.77 to 4.2 +/- 0.79 l.min-1.m-2. Left atrium pressure decreased from 29 +/- 10 to 14 +/- 5 mmHg and mitral valve gradient from 21 +/- 7 to 6 +/- 3 mmHg. There were no complications or residual MS. At a mean follow-up of 13.2 +/- 9.4 months, all patients were in NYHA class I and had a normal course of pregnancy. The eight women delivered healthy full-term babies. At 1-25 months post-partum follow-up, the eight infants had shown normal growth and development.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M Ben Farhat; F Maatouk; F Betbout; M Ayari; H Brahim; M Souissi; K Sghairi; H Gamra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0195-668X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1992 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-03-25     Completed Date:  1993-03-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006263     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1658-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis Unit, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia.
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MeSH Terms
Balloon Dilatation*
Echocardiography, Doppler
Mitral Valve Stenosis / therapy*,  ultrasonography
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / therapy*,  ultrasonography
Treatment Outcome

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