Document Detail

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Under Local Infiltration Anesthesia: A Single-center Experience of 2000 Chinese Cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23992963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in treating upper urinary calculi under local infiltration anesthesia.
METHODS: A series of 2000 patients with upper urinary calculi underwent PCNL under local infiltration anesthesia. Of the 2000 patients, 536 had upper ureteral calculi, 805 patients had pelvic calculi, and 659 patients had complex renal calculi. Pethidine premedication (75-100 mg) and Phenergan (25 mg) were used half an hour preoperatively. The mean pain scores at 0, 6, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively, the demographic characteristics, and the stones characteristics were evaluated to determine the feasibility. The complications were evaluated to determine the safety, and stone-free rate was evaluated to determine effectivity.
RESULTS: The mean American Society of Anesthesiologists score was 1.55 ± 0.54 (range, 1-3). The mean operative time was 48 minutes (range, 20-125). The mean Visual Analogue Scale scores at 0, 6, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively were 3.62, 3.02, 2.27, and 2.09, respectively. The mean hemoglobin drop was 1.06 g/dL (range, 0.2-6.8). Sixty-five patients (3.3%) received transfusions, 10 patients (0.5%) required selective renal angioembolism (Clavien grade II), and 1 patient (0.05%) received chest drainage therapy (Clavien grade II). The total stone-free rate was 85.8%.
CONCLUSION: Local infiltration anesthesia is a well-tolerated alternative anesthesia technique that provides effective intraoperative and postoperative analgesia for PCNL. PCNL performed under local infiltration anesthesia in a selected group of patients is feasible and provides satisfactory clinical outcomes. Comparative studies should be performed to classify efficacy, safety, tract quantity, dilation method, and the best candidates.
Hulin Li; Kai Xu; Bingkun Li; Binshen Chen; Abai Xu; Yuanbo Chen; Yawen Xu; Yong Wen; Shaobo Zheng; Chunxiao Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1527-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  Urology     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366151     Medline TA:  Urology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Urology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
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