Document Detail


Perceptual sharpening in the developing rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6872504     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The development of perceptual sharpening was studied in four experiments by using the heart rate orienting response (marked cardiac deceleration to novel stimuli) as the dependent measure. Preweanling rats either 16-17 or 19-20 days of age were habituated to a 1600-Hz tone over 15 trials. On Trial 16, the stimulus frequency was changed to one of seven tones distributed on either side of the habituated stimulus. Analysis of the heart rate orienting response showed that the younger rats (16-17 days old) failed to respond to any of the new frequencies, which indicates generalization of habituation to the auditory stimuli within the frequency range studied. In marked contrast, rat pups 19-20 days of age displayed a cardiac orienting response proportional to the difference between the habituated stimulus and the test stimulus. Additional experiments demonstrated that these age-related differences were not due to differences in sensitivity to the test stimuli, effector fatigue, or inability to discriminate between the test stimuli. These results indicate that perceptual sharpening develops relatively rapidly in rats and that perceptual sharpening, stimulus detection, and stimulus discrimination follow separate ontogenetic time courses.
Authors:
B A Campbell; V Haroutunian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983)     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0735-7036     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comp Psychol     Publication Date:  1983 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-09-09     Completed Date:  1983-09-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309850     Medline TA:  J Comp Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Animals
Auditory Perception* / physiology
Discrimination (Psychology) / physiology
Generalization, Stimulus / physiology
Habituation, Psychophysiologic / physiology
Heart Rate
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH-01562/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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