Document Detail


Perceptual learning of contrast discrimination in macaca mulatta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24259674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rhesus monkeys underwent training in a contrast discrimination task, in which grating stimuli were presented at parafoveal and peripheral visual field locations. Subjects had to compare a sample stimulus that had a fixed contrast of 30% to a test stimulus that varied in contrast from trial to trial. Extensive practice yielded improvements in contrast discrimination that were observed across the full range of test stimulus contrasts. These improvements occurred across multiple sessions, as well as across trials within individual sessions. The finer the contrast discriminations required, the longer it took for subjects to improve. Improvements in psychophysical performance resulted in the steepening of psychometric functions and/or shifts in the point of subjective equality towards the contrast of the sample stimulus. Enhancement in discrimination was especially pronounced around the contrast level of the sample stimulus, to which the subject was consistently exposed. The changes resulted in increased accuracy overall, lower discrimination thresholds, and faster response times. Partial transfer of learning, from vertically oriented training stimuli to horizontally oriented testing stimuli, was observed, while transfer to stimuli with different spatial frequencies was less pronounced. The results demonstrate the existence of perceptual learning in the contrast domain, whereby learning affects multiple performance-related psychophysical metrics.
Authors:
Xing Chen; Mehdi Sanayei; Alexander Thiele
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vision     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1534-7362     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vis     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101147197     Medline TA:  J Vis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.
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