Document Detail


Perceptual features for normal listeners' phoneme recognition in a reverberant lecture hall.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1768878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Johnson et al (1988) found that normal-hearing listeners' consonant recognition scores on a nonsense syllable test were significantly better when they were seated within versus beyond the critical distance of a typical lecture hall. The present study used a Sequential Information Analysis (SINFA) to document a priori perceptual features for Johnson et al's subjects' confusion errors to the initial and medial consonant portions of the stimuli. The features and the percent of information transmitted for them differed as a function of consonant position in the stimulus and whether the subjects were seated within or beyond the critical distance of the room. Generally, more information was transmitted within rather than beyond the critical distance for both initial and medial consonants. However, less information was transmitted for features for the medial than for the initial consonant position. Beyond the critical distance, high-frequency features (e.g., sibilant) were transmitted somewhat better than those based more on low-frequency energy (e.g., voicing). Place of articulation features were not transmitted as well for the initial as for the medial position and they suffered in both positions as distance increased. The effects of reverberation on the subjects' perception are discussed and compared to results of other studies.
Authors:
J L Danhauer; C E Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Audiology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1050-0545     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Acad Audiol     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-02-25     Completed Date:  1992-02-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114646     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Audiol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  91-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of California Santa Barbara 93106.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustics*
Adult
Female
Humans
Multivariate Analysis
Phonetics*
Speech Discrimination Tests
Speech Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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