Document Detail

Perceptions of risk and behaviour change for prevention of HIV among married women in Mumbai, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16796154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Heterosexual transmission accounts for the majority of cases in India, an epicentre of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, with increasing rates of infection in married women contracting HIV from an infected spouse. Cultural roles and position of married women in Indian society render targeted risk-reduction programmes difficult. To investigate HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, perceptions, and behaviour change among married women in India, an interview-based survey was conducted with 350 married women in Mumbai, of whom 67% (236) were aware of HIV/AIDS. Although 59.3% (140) of those aware mentioned indiscriminate sexual activity as increasing risk of HIV, only two (41%) in five women perceived HIV as a threat to the community; one (12%) in eight perceived personal risk of getting infected as high; and only 7.2% (17) reported behaviour change to avoid infection. When probed for reasons for not changing behaviour, most women cited their personal behaviour of monogamy, not being in an at-risk group, such as commercial sex workers, and trust in their husbands. Education programmes among married women that enable better understanding of risks are urgently required. Since marriage and motherhood are important in the Indian cultural context, male spouses should be included in risk-reduction programmes.
Nilesh Chatterjee; G M Monawar Hosain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health, population, and nutrition     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1606-0997     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Popul Nutr     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-26     Completed Date:  2006-07-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100959228     Medline TA:  J Health Popul Nutr     Country:  Bangladesh    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Kalyani Media Group, Mumbai, India.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV Infections / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  psychology*,  transmission
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
India / epidemiology
Marital Status
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Sexual Behavior*
Women's Health*

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