Document Detail

Perceptions related to diet and exercise among Asians and Pacific Islanders with diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22162615     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of Asians and Pacific Islanders (API) with Type 2 diabetes related to diet and exercise. A descriptive content analysis was conducted on verbalized responses from 15 participants in focus groups who were asked "What role does your culture play in what, when, and how much you eat?" and "If and/or how much you exercise and what type of exercise you do?" The participants recorded responses were transcribed verbatim and analyzed for themes utilizing the social ecological framework.The families, environment, and the local culture in Hawai'i greatly affect the dietary and physical activities of the participants. Psychosocial themes related to diet included depression, denial, and lack of self control. Physical activities were impacted by motivation and awareness of complications of diabetes. Family upbringing, social events, food portions and variety, and reciprocity contributed to eating behaviors of the participants. Family values in sports and role expectations of gender influenced physical activities.This study identified social ecological influences on health behavior among Asians and Pacific Islanders. The findings suggest various efforts for physicians and other health care providers to assist API in taking care of their diabetes.
Nafanua Braginsky; Jillian Inouye; Chen Yen Wang; Richard Arakaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hawaii medical journal     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0017-8594     ISO Abbreviation:  Hawaii Med J     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  2013-04-05     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984209R     Medline TA:  Hawaii Med J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Hawai'i at Manoa, School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene, Honolulu, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cognitive Therapy*
Depression / psychology,  therapy
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology,  therapy*
Diet / psychology*
Exercise Therapy / psychology*
Focus Groups
Middle Aged
Qualitative Research
Social Environment
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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