Document Detail


Perception of road accident causes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16191426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A theoretical two-dimensional model on prevalence and risk was developed. The objective of this study was to validate this model empirically to answer three questions: How do European drivers perceive the importance of several causes of road accidents? Are there important differences in perceptions between member states? Do these perceptions reflect the real significance of road accident causes? Data were collected from 23 countries, based on representative national samples of at least 1000 respondents each (n=24,372). Face-to-face interviews with fully licensed, active car drivers were conducted using a questionnaire containing closed answer questions. Respondents were asked to rate 15 causes of road accidents, each using a six-point ordinal scale. The answers were analyzed by calculating Kendall's tau for each pair of items to form lower triangle similarity matrices per country and for Europe as a whole. These matrices were then used as the input files for an individual difference scaling to draw a perceptual map of the 15 items involved. The hypothesized model on risk and prevalence fits the data well and enabled us to answer the three questions of concern. The subject space of the model showed that there are no relevant differences between the 23 countries. The group space of the model comprises four quadrants, each containing several items (high perceived risk/low perceived prevalence items; high perceived risk/high perceived prevalence items; low perceived risk/high perceived prevalence items and low perceived risk/low perceived prevalence items). Finally, perceptions of the items driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs and medicines and driving using a handheld or hands-free mobile phone are discussed with regard to their real significance in causing road accidents. To conclude, individual difference scaling offers some promising possibilities to study drivers' perception of road accident causes.
Authors:
Ward Vanlaar; George Yannis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2005-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-01     Completed Date:  2006-02-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Belgian Road Safety Institute, Behaviour and Policy Department, Haachtsesteenweg 1405, 1130 Brussels, Belgium. wardv@trafficinjuryresearch.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*,  statistics & numerical data
Attitude*
Automobile Driving / psychology*
Causality
Europe
Humans
Internal-External Control
Models, Theoretical
Risk
Risk-Taking*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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