Document Detail


Perception of fluids with diverse rheology applied to the underarm versus forearm skin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22746243     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Little is known about the tactile-perceptual structure of fluids. Therefore, ten fluids with diverse, characterized rheologies were rated by 16 females, on 27 sensory attributes (e.g., "slippery") and 14 emotional attributes (e.g., "enjoyable") via five-point categorical scales. Fluids were assessed against the volar forearm and underarm, sites that commonly experience contact with fluids during the use of personal care products. Application of fluids was either by the participant to their own body ("self-applied") or by the experimenter to the participant's body ("experimenter-applied"). Separate factor analyses of the sensory and emotional attributes for different body sites and modes of touch suggested approximately the same factorial structure in each case. Four general sensory factors emerged, labeled Lubricating, Textured, Silken, and Viscous, and two emotional factors, Comfortable and Arousing. These factors resembled those from equivalent work that used solid materials as stimuli, emphasizing that despite the differences in perceptual structure between fluid-coated and dry, solid surfaces, different body sites, and modes of touch influence the perception of fluid and dry stimuli similarly. As expected, fluids varied widely in how they scored on the factors. Site-wise differences were found, whereby stimuli assessed against the forearm were rated as more Lubricating, less Textured, more Silken, and more Comfortable than they were against the underarm. Self-applied touch was less Comfortable than experimenter-applied. The physical and perceptual were linked insofar as greater measured viscosity at low shear rates was associated with perceptions of cold and wet, whereas at high shear rates, greater viscosity was associated with greater perceived thickness.
Authors:
Steve Guest; Angera Ma; Anahit Mehrabyan; Greg Essick; Andrew Hopkinson; Francis McGlone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Somatosensory & motor research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1369-1651     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904127     Medline TA:  Somatosens Mot Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Center for Neurosensory Disorders, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill, NC , USA.
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