Document Detail


Perceiving molecular themes in the structures and bonding of intermetallic phases: the role of Hückel theory in an ab initio era.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22495264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Qualitative molecular orbital theory is central to our understanding of the bonding and reactivity of molecules and materials across chemistry. Advances in computational technology and methodology, however, have made ab initio or density functional theory calculations a simpler alternative, offering reliable results on increasingly large systems in a reasonable time-scale without the need for concerns about the approximations and parameterization of semi-empirical one-electron based methods. In this perspective, we illustrate how the availability of higher-level computational results can augment, rather than supplant, the insights provided by approaches such as the simple and extended Hückel methods. We begin by describing a way to parameterize Hückel-type Hamiltonians against DFT results for intermetallic systems. The potential for chemical understanding embodied by such orbital-based models is then demonstrated with two schemes of bonding analysis that originated in them (but can be extended to DFT results): the μ(3)-acid/base model and the μ(2)-Hückel chemical pressure analysis, which translate the molecular concepts of acidity and electronic/steric competition, respectively, into the context of intermetallic chemistry.
Authors:
Timothy E Stacey; Daniel C Fredrickson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-9234     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101176026     Medline TA:  Dalton Trans     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA. danny@chem.wisc.edu.
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