Document Detail

Perceived success, auditory feedback, and mental imagery: what best predicts improved efficacy and motor performance?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23930539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: Performance enhancement techniques can improve self-efficacy (SE) and task performance. The focus of this study was to determine which techniques could best achieve this with three novel tasks.
METHOD: Participants (n = 98) were counterbalanced across tasks and conditions (48 participants assigned to each condition in each task) and completed two trials of putting (imagery vs. no imagery), throwing (easy vs. difficult), and kicking (verbal feedback vs. no feedback) tasks, and SE and performance scores were recorded.
RESULTS: The results revealed that the auditory feedback condition had the greatest impact as it significantly explained both SE and performance scores, with a greater effect recorded for SE scores. Use of imagery or allocation to the easy-to-score condition did not improve performance or SE scores more than did the control conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings were unexpected as successful past performance is often cited as the main determinant of SE change. Further empirical investigation is required to determine if these findings are repeatable and if they generalize to sporting settings.
Bradley J Wright; Paul D O'Halloran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Plenty Road, Bundoora, VIC, 3086, Australia.
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