Document Detail

Perceived coping, social support, and quality of life 1 month after myocardial infarction: a comparison between Swedish women and men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15647733     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to compare coping, social support, and quality of life in Swedish women and men 1 month after myocardial infarction. DESIGN: The study design was cross-sectional and descriptive-comparative. SETTING: The study took place in 1 hospital service area in the middle of Sweden. SUBJECTS: The sample consisted of 74 women and 97 men. INSTRUMENTS: The Jalowiec Coping Scale, the Social Network and Social Support Questionnaire, the Short Form-36 Health Survey, and the Quality of Life Index-Cardiac Version were used. RESULTS: Compared with men, women used more evasive and supportive coping and rated psychologic aspects of the heart disease as more problematic to manage. More women perceived available support from friends and grandchildren, and more men perceived available support from their partner. Women rated lower levels in physical and psychologic dimensions of quality of life. CONCLUSION: The first month after myocardial infarction is a susceptible period especially for women. They used more evasive and supportive coping and experienced a lower quality of life compared with men.
Marja-Leena Kristofferzon; Rurik Löfmark; Marianne Carlsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart & lung : the journal of critical care     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0147-9563     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Lung     Publication Date:    2005 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-13     Completed Date:  2005-05-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330057     Medline TA:  Heart Lung     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-50     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Men / psychology
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / psychology*
Quality of Life*
Social Support*
Women / psychology

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