Document Detail


Perceived collective burnout: a multilevel explanation of burnout.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21229404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Building up on the socially induced model of burnout and the job demands-resources model, we examine how burnout can transfer without direct contagion or close contact among employees. Based on the social information processing approach and the conservation of resources theory, we propose that perceived collective burnout emerges as an organizational-level construct (employees' shared perceptions about how burned out are their colleagues) and that it predicts individual burnout over and above indicators of demands and resources. Data were gathered during the first term and again during the last term of the academic year among 555 teachers from 100 schools. The core dimensions of burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism were measured at the individual and collective level. Random coefficient models were computed in a lagged effects design. Results showed that perceived collective burnout at Time 1 was a significant predictor of burnout at Time 2 after considering previous levels of burnout, demands (workload, teacher-student ratio, and absenteeism rates), and resources (quality of school facilities). These findings suggest that perceived collective burnout is an important characteristic of the work environment that can be a significant factor in the development of burnout.
Authors:
M Gloria Gonzalez-Morales; Jose M Peiro; Isabel Rodriguez; Paul D Bliese
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anxiety, stress, and coping     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-2205     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212242     Medline TA:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-19     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada.
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