Document Detail

Penetration eye injuries in the workplace. The National Eye Trauma System Registry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1596233     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Occupational eye injuries are common and preventable. Between 1985 and 1991, there were 635 work-related penetrating eye injuries among the 2939 cases (22%) reported to the National Eye Trauma System Registry by 48 collaborating centers in 28 states and Washington, DC. The median age of the injured workers was 30 years; 75% were younger than 40 years; and 97% were male. The commonest causes of injuries were projectiles (457 cases), sharp objects (166 cases), blunt objects (60 cases), and blasts (22 cases); these terms are not mutually exclusive. Specific objects causing injuries included nails, wire, screwdrivers, and other hand tools. There was evidence of alcohol use by at least 2% of the injured workers. When they were injured, 6% of the workers were wearing safety glasses; 3% were wearing nonsafety eyewear. Posterior segment trauma, which occurred in 63% of the cases, included vitreous hemorrhage (42%), intraocular foreign bodies (35%), and retinal detachment (10%). Hyphema occurred in 35% and traumatic cataract in 32% of the cases. Initial visual acuity after injury was hand motion or worse in 43% of the cases. National Eye Trauma System Registry data are useful to identify strategies to prevent occupational eye injuries such as wider use of safety glasses and improvement in engineering controls.
A L Dannenberg; L M Parver; R J Brechner; L Khoo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of ophthalmology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0003-9950     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-02     Completed Date:  1992-07-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7706534     Medline TA:  Arch Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Injury Prevention Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md 21205.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data*
Aged, 80 and over
Child, Preschool
Eye Foreign Bodies / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Eye Injuries, Penetrating / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Eye Protective Devices
Middle Aged
United States / epidemiology
Visual Acuity
Grant Support
R49/CCR302486//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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