Document Detail


Penetration eye injuries in the workplace. The National Eye Trauma System Registry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1596233     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Occupational eye injuries are common and preventable. Between 1985 and 1991, there were 635 work-related penetrating eye injuries among the 2939 cases (22%) reported to the National Eye Trauma System Registry by 48 collaborating centers in 28 states and Washington, DC. The median age of the injured workers was 30 years; 75% were younger than 40 years; and 97% were male. The commonest causes of injuries were projectiles (457 cases), sharp objects (166 cases), blunt objects (60 cases), and blasts (22 cases); these terms are not mutually exclusive. Specific objects causing injuries included nails, wire, screwdrivers, and other hand tools. There was evidence of alcohol use by at least 2% of the injured workers. When they were injured, 6% of the workers were wearing safety glasses; 3% were wearing nonsafety eyewear. Posterior segment trauma, which occurred in 63% of the cases, included vitreous hemorrhage (42%), intraocular foreign bodies (35%), and retinal detachment (10%). Hyphema occurred in 35% and traumatic cataract in 32% of the cases. Initial visual acuity after injury was hand motion or worse in 43% of the cases. National Eye Trauma System Registry data are useful to identify strategies to prevent occupational eye injuries such as wider use of safety glasses and improvement in engineering controls.
Authors:
A L Dannenberg; L M Parver; R J Brechner; L Khoo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of ophthalmology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0003-9950     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-02     Completed Date:  1992-07-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7706534     Medline TA:  Arch Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Injury Prevention Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md 21205.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data*
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
Eye Foreign Bodies / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Eye Injuries, Penetrating / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Eye Protective Devices
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Occupations
Registries
United States / epidemiology
Visual Acuity
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R49/CCR302486//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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