Document Detail

Peer substance use and homelessness predicting substance abuse from adolescence through early adulthood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23381568     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Adolescents who experience homelessness are at higher risk for abusing substances, and for being exposed to substance-using peers. The current study used a longitudinal design to track substance abuse, affiliation with substance-using peers, and episodes of homelessness among a sample of 223 adolescents who were housed at the baseline data collection and 148 adolescents who were housed at baseline. Participants were interviewed at six waves over 6.5 years, covering an age range from 13 to 25. Many participants experienced a recurrence of homelessness during follow-up, with 64.6 % of the baseline homeless group and 22.6 % of the baseline housed group reporting an additional episode of homelessness. Both alcohol abuse and other drug abuse symptoms showed an increase in adolescence followed by slowing in early adulthood. Recent homelessness and friend alcohol use predicted alcohol abuse symptoms, and the strength of the influence of friend use decreased over time. Recent homelessness and friend drug use predicted other drug abuse symptoms. Duration of the initial episode of adolescent homelessness showed no influence on substance abuse over time, or the effects of other predictors, highlighting the importance of conceptualizing the experience of homelessness as a recent stressor rather than an enduring personal characteristic.
Carolyn J Tompsett; Sarah E Domoff; Paul A Toro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of community psychology     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1573-2770     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Community Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-29     Completed Date:  2013-11-25     Revised Date:  2014-10-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364535     Medline TA:  Am J Community Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  520-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Confidence Intervals
Homeless Persons / statistics & numerical data*
Homeless Youth / statistics & numerical data
Peer Group*
Qualitative Research
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
Urban Population
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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